Can you die from diabetes? The answer is a yes. If not directly from diabetes, then at least from diabetes induced diseases. Diabetes induces many conditions such as heart disease and stroke, hypertension, blindness, amputation, kidney failure and sexual dysfunction.
There are two major forms of diabetes namely Type-1 diabetes and Type-2 diabetes. While both are related to the the body's inability to regular sugar in the blood, their causes are different and so is the impact on our lives.
Type 1 Diabetes
Also known as juvenile diabetes, sugar diabetes, or brittle diabetes, type 1 diabetes is considered to be the most dangerous among all of them. It is an autoimmune disease where the body's immune system cells produce anti-bodies that mistakenly attack the beta cells in the pancreas. These beta cells are responsible for the production of a hormone called insulin that regulates blood sugar level in the body.
Type-1 diabetes accounts for less than 10 percent of all diabetes. Until the 1921's when insulin was discovered, those with type-1 diabetes live only a few year after diagnosis. There is currently no cure, only a treatment which consist of carefull monitoring of blood sugar level and daily insulin injections to regular blood usgar.
Uncontrolled sugar can lead to many compliactions such as heart attack, eye problem, neurological problem, high blood pressure, kidney problem etc. Every efforts should be made to control blood sugar level so that you do not suffer from complications at early point in your life. Once you're diagnosed with it, you have to be careful with what you eat, get regular exercise and constantly monitor your blood sugar and ketone levels. Type-1 diabetes may require multiple daily insulin injections.
Too little sugar in the blood can result in hypoglyceamia while too much causes hyperglycemia. It is a constant battle to regulate blood sugar. Type-1 diabetes can also result in weight loss (without trying). The body's cells cannot get food (due to lack of insulin) and begins to starve. Despite excessive food intake, the weight loss continues because the cells cannot utilize the food you eat.
If this situation is allowed to progress, the body's metaboilsm is thrown off and the blood becomes more acidic. This is called diabetic ketoacidosis and there is a great danger that the patient could go into a diabetic coma and die.
Type 2 Diabetes
Most of the people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes - over 90 percent. Studies show that the are many more with undiagnosed type-2 diabetes. Unlike type 1 diabetes, this one is a metabolic disorder. This means that your body produces insulin but it is not enough to regulate your blood sugar level. Your cells may also be insulin resistant meaning that despite the presence of insulin, the glucose still find it difficult to get into the cells for energy production.
Type 2 diabetes can be controlled. You may even be able to reverse it especially if you are at the pre-diabetic stage. Pre-diabetes means sugar level is higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. Type-2 diabetest if left uncontrolled can induce many complications and cause cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, eye, kidney disease etc. With type-2 diabetes, you can control you sugar level with proper diet, adequate exercise and a healthy lifestyle.
Gestational diabetes can occur in pregnant women. Due to hormonal changes by pregnancy, the body's resistance to insulin increases. Women who are overweight or older are more prone to this type of diabetes. Women with this problem are also likely to develop urinary tract infection and pregnancy induced hypertension.
Gestational diabetes is not life threatening. However more than half of those who develop gestational diabetes pregnancy are likely to develop type-2 diabetes later in life. A regular gentle exercise regime durign pregnancy will help to lower blood glucose level.